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Racial equity can be defined as "the condition that would be achieved if one's race identity no longer influenced how one fares." (from "Awake to Woke to Work: Building a Race Equity Culture" by Equity in the Center). This collection focuses on racial equity and also includes works that explore the larger diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) framework. Our aim is to raise awareness about funding for racial equity efforts as well as activities in the social sector meant to realize racial equity. The collection is part of Candid's Funding for racial equity special issue website.

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"Endless Walk!" by Rayhane saber licensed through Unsplash

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The Heart Work of Hard Work: Black Teacher Pipeline Best Practices at HBCU Teacher Education Programs

February 8, 2024

This report by the UNCF Frederick D. Patterson Research Institute examines the best practices implemented at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) teacher preparation programs, which result in these institutions being significant producers of Black teachers for America's public education system.This report builds on the HBCU teacher preparation program scholarship by providing a snapshot of the recruitment, curricular, and co-curricular practices implemented at these institutions to strengthen the Black teacher pipeline. Through the voices of faculty, staff, and students at four HBCU teacher preparation programs, this report will introduce practices that support their Black pre-service teachers.


Exclusionary by Design: An Investigation of Zoning’s Use as a Tool of Race, Class, and Family Exclusion in Boston’s Suburbs, 1920 to Today

November 8, 2023

Based on extensive review of local planning documents, state reports, and press coverage over the past 100 years, this report finds widespread use of zoning as a tool of social exclusion against residents of color, especially Black residents; lower-income and working-class residents; families with school-aged children; religious minorities; immigrants; and, in some cases, any newcomers/outsiders at all.


Philanthropy’s Role in Reparations and Building a Culture of Racial Repair

September 27, 2023

Many in philanthropy have expressed a desire to advance racial equity and a thriving multiracial democracy. This article, written in collaboration with Liberation Ventures, invites philanthropists, foundations, and other funders to see reparations for Black people—and building a culture of repair—as a necessity to reach that goal.

Equitable Access to Quality Climate Infrastructure Jobs: A Framework for Collaborative Action

May 6, 2024

Recent federal laws, including the 2021 Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) and the 2022 Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), focus on updating and improving the nation's infrastructure while taking steps to mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change. Included in these federal infrastructure investments are goals around creating quality jobs and ensuring that benefits accrue to populations that have been historically marginalized. Largely missing from enacted legislation were specific funding and requirements for developing the workforce for emerging climate infrastructure jobs.This report provides a framework for understanding what is needed at the local and regional level to advance effective implementation of workforce development in conjunction with current and future climate and infrastructure investments. Efforts are in early stages, but there are many promising practices from which to learn. To build an understanding of these practices, we interviewed individuals from national and regional nonprofit organizations, local governments, industry associations, and intermediaries. Informed by our interviews, feedback sessions, and research, our framework identifies three essential principles, a set of core actors, and five key strategies that workforce and sustainability organizations can use to advance equitable green career pathways. The report provides recommendations for federal, state, and local governments, philanthropies, employers, and unions to build collaborative capacity supporting the equitable implementation of climate infrastructure investments.

Assessing Climate Risk in Marginalized Communities

March 14, 2024

This report builds upon a growing body of research exploring the implications of climate change for communities of color. Using a focused analysis of riverine flood risk, our findings illustrate how communities of color are disproportionately affected by riverine flooding events and how the impact is magnified because of these communities' greater vulnerability and weaker resilience. Based on our methodology and conclusions, we recommend several steps that can support more racially equitable outcomes from a riverine flood event, including the Federal Emergency Management Agency's adoption of a more inclusive definition and forward-looking assessment approach for riverine flooding risk, normalization of the expected annual loss attributable to a climate event by scaling the total replacement value, and incorporation of social vulnerability and community resilience measures into composite risk metrics. More broadly, we recommend that continued attention be paid to racial equity within overarching environmental, social, and governance frameworks.

Justice Is The Foundation: Assessing Philanthropy’s Commitment to Racial Equity & Justice in Education (2024)

February 1, 2024

The Schott Foundation for Public Education worked with Candid, a center for nonprofit resources and tools, over the past four years to critically examine K-12 education philanthropy's grantmaking priorities. Our project, Justice Is The Foundation, assesses the collective philanthropic impact of giving in the education sector through a lens of racial equity and racial justice. We believe that education philanthropy has an important and irreplaceable role to play in building a more just and equitable society: public schools touch 90% of students in the U.S., are often de facto centers of community and neighborhood cohesion, and have been a focal point of racial justice movements since Reconstruction. In early 2021, Schott launched this project with the first data set from our collaboration, Candid's data on grants made from 2017-2019. To ensure a more reliable picture of the kinds of grants we are examining—comparatively small slices of a much large sector—and to account for different grant cycles, we selected a three-year period for study. In our second report, released in August 2022, we covered grants made from 2018-2020. This current report, the third in our series, covers 2019-2021: for the first time fully encompassing the racial justice uprisings of 2020 and philanthropy's response.

How We Think and Practice Evaluation in Service of Racial Equity: A Tool Kit for Practitioners

January 1, 2024

Evaluators help measure the effectiveness of change efforts that impact the lives of children and their families every day. The W.K. Kellogg Foundation, together with Community Science, offer a tool kit for change agents who are looking to get concrete about how to advance racial equity through evaluation. Building from the Practice Guide Series on Doing Evaluation in Service of Racial Equity, this tool kit includes insightful blogs, tip sheets, presentations and more, that will help evaluators get real about evaluation for racial equity.  Read the tool kit in full or explore it in three parts: 1) How we think and practice; How we can engage community; and How we do evaluations in service of racial equity. Email your questions or feedback to 

Achieving a Racially and Ethnically Equitable Health Care Delivery System in Massachusetts: A Vision and Proposed Action Plan

December 13, 2023

This report proposes a vision and plan for action—collectively a statewide Health Equity Action Plan—for achieving a racially and ethnically equitable health care delivery system in Massachusetts. The report is accompanied by an Executive Summary, as well as a Health Equity Action Plan Toolkit (Toolkit) of interventions, policies, and programs that organizations in the health care delivery system can deploy to achieve their health equity goals.The causes and impact of health inequities in Massachusetts, as elsewhere, are multiple, complex, and inter-related. Inequities in access to adequate housing, food, education, and other vital needs are stark and directly impact people's health. Many populations experience health inequities, including people of color and people for whom English is not their primary language, as well as those with disabilities and those in the LGBTQ+ community. The focus of this report is on racial and ethnic inequities in the health care delivery system and therefore can be considered a first phase in a larger system-wideeffort to eliminate all inequities that affect people's health.

U.S. Based Workforce and Board Composition Report by Race/Ethnicity, Gender and Job Category 2023

December 1, 2023

W.K. Kellogg Foundation's workforce composition and how it has changed over time.

The Weight of Power: The Role of Metrics & Evaluation at the Intersection of Social Justice

November 17, 2023

Dismantling and shifting power structures is key for achieving meaningful social impact. For far too long, funders have had significant control over social impact organizations: what they focus on, how they allocate resources, and how they measure their own success. This control contributes to ongoing inequity and impedes progress. If we want to bring about effective and lasting change, we need to shift that power to the people on the front lines — social innovation leaders and the communities they serve. Their voices need to be heard and respected. We must work together with them to develop solutions that make a meaningful difference. This report, a collaboration between Echoing Green and CCRE, seeks to contribute to those solutions by beginning to address two essential questions:Who has power to define success?Who should have power to define success?Guided by this frame of reference, we conducted a review of existing literature, a series of 22 interviews, and a survey of 409 nonprofit leaders, social innovators, and philanthropic funders to understand how philanthropy and social innovators measure success. We focused on the challenges faced specifically by Black, Indigenous, and people of color (BIPOC) leaders. Across these three methods, we sought to understand four key questions:Who has power to define vision, mission, and metrics?What metrics are collected and how are they used?What effect do metrics have on BIPOC leaders?How can we create more equitable funding streams?

The Great Eight: A Resource Guide Dedicated to Alabama's Historically Black Community Colleges & Predominantly Black Community Colleges (HBCC/PBCC)

November 9, 2023

This resource guide focuses on Alabama's Historically Black Community Colleges and Predominantly Black Community Colleges and provides detailed information about the enrollment, retention, transfer and graduation rates at these institutions. 

A Conceptual Map of Structural Racism in Health Care

October 25, 2023

Longstanding racial and ethnic disparities in health care experiences contribute to profoundly inequitable health and life outcomes in the United States. Researchers, policymakers, practitioners, advocates, and communities seeking to eradicate these disparities must understand and intervene in their root causes. In this brief, we develop a conceptual map of structural racism in health care that demonstrates the connections between (1) mental models that, in often unnoticed ways, guide how society thinks and acts; (2) inequitable structures, including laws and policies that codify the distribution of and access to resources; and (3) racial and ethnic disparities in health care experiences and outcomes.